promoting respect, preserving dignity
The SAPR program provides comprehensive services that center on awareness and prevention education, victim advocacy and overall system response. The Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC) ensures sexual assault survivors are assigned a SAPR VA to assist in determining what they wish to do, where to get help, and how they choose to report the assault. Advocates accompany survivors to medical visits, court proceedings, and other appointments as requested.
The SAPR program provides crisis intervention and support services to sexual assault survivors, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you or someone you know has experienced sexual assault, you are not alone. Help and support is available.
- DoD SAPR website: http://www.sapr.mil
- DoD Safe Support Line: 877-995-5247
- Text inside the US: 55-247
- Text outside the US: 202-470-5546
If you have been sexually assaulted:
- Go to a safe location away from the attacker.
- Contact a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC), Uniformed Victim Advocate (UVA), SAPR VA, or Healthcare Provider (HCP) for restricted/unrestricted reporting.
- Preserve all evidence of the assault. Do not bathe, wash your hands or brush your teeth. Do not clean or straighten up the crime scene.
- Seek medical care as soon as possible. Even if you do not have any visible physical injuries, you may be at risk of becoming pregnant or acquiring a sexually transmitted disease.
- Ask the healthcare provider to conduct a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE) to preserve forensic evidence.
- If you suspect you have been drugged, request that a urine sample be collected.
- Write down, tape or record by any other means all the details you can recall about the assault and your assailant.
IF THIS IS AN EMERGENCY, PLEASE CALL 911
Restricted reporting allows a sexual assault victim to confidentially disclose the details of his or her assault to specified individuals and receive medical treatment and counseling, without triggering the official investigative process. Service members who are sexually assaulted and desire restricted reporting under this policy may only report the assault to:
- Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC)
- Uniformed Victim Advocate (UVA)
- SAPR VA
- Healthcare Provider (HCP)
At the victim’s discretion/request an appropriately trained healthcare provider shall conduct a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE), which may include the collection of evidence. In the absence of a DoD provider, the service member will be referred to an appropriate civilian facility for the SAFE.
Once a restricted report is filed, a victim can choose at any time to change that report to an unrestricted report.
Who May Make A Restricted Report
Restricted reporting is available to military personnel and military dependents 18 years of age and older who are eligible for treatment in the military healthcare system. Military personnel include members on active duty and members of the Reserve component (Reserve and National Guard) provided they are performing federal duty (active duty training or inactive duty training and members of the National Guard in Federal (Title 10) status). Members of the Reserve Component not performing Federal duty are not eligible. Retired members of any component are not eligible. DoD civilian employees are not eligible.
This option is recommended for victims of sexual assault who desire medical treatment, counseling and an official investigation of the crime. When selecting unrestricted reporting, you should use current reporting channels, e.g. :
- Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC)
- Uniformed Victim Advocate (UVA)
- SAPR VA
- Healthcare Provider (HCP)
- Chain of Command
- Law Enforcement
Upon notification of a reported sexual assault, the SARC will immediately assign a Uniformed Victim Advocate (VA) or SAPR VA. At the victim’s discretion/request, the healthcare provider shall conduct a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE), which may include the collection of evidence. Details regarding the incident will be limited to only those personnel who have a legitimate need to know.
Once an unrestricted report is filed, the victim cannot change their report to a restricted report.
Understanding the Investigative Process
The nature of the investigative process can be stressful for victims of sexual assault despite the sincere efforts of law enforcement, staff judge advocate and other personnel entrusted with bringing offenders to justice. Investigators must carefully collect evidence, and the process from investigation to courts-martial or some other form of punishment may take many months. They must often ask you, the victim, very precise and probing questions because there usually are no eyewitnesses to provide crucial details. You may not feel you are ready to answer questions so soon after your assault, but the investigators need to interview you while your memories are fresh. Much patience will be required on your part.
You will be kept well-informed of any investigative actions taken in response to your reported sexual assault. Your commander will ensure, at a minimum, you receive a monthly update regarding the current status of any on-going investigative, medical, legal or command proceedings regarding the sexual assault. This requirement is in addition to those established by the Victim-Witness Assistance Program. Monthly updates are required until the final disposition of the reported assault. “Final disposition” means the conclusion of any judicial, non-judicial, and administrative actions (including separation actions and no action).
The DOD defines sexual assault as intentional sexual contact, characterized by the use of force, threats, intimidation, abuse of authority, or when the victim does not or cannot consent. Sexual assault includes rape, forcible sodomy (oral or anal sex), and other unwanted sexual contact that is aggravated, abusive, or wrongful (to include unwanted and inappropriate sexual contact), or attempts to commit these acts.
“Consent” means words or overt acts indicating a freely given agreement to the sexual conduct at issue by a competent person. An expression of lack of consent through words or conduct means there is no consent. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission resulting from the accused’s use of force, threat of force, or placing another person in fear does not constitute consent. A current or previous dating relationship by itself or the manner of dress of the person involved with the accused in the sexual conduct at issue shall not constitute consent.
Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination that involves unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:
- Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of a person’s job, pay, or career, or
- Submission to or rejection of such conduct by a person is used as a basis for career or employment decisions affecting that person, or
- Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment. Workplace conduct, to be actionable as “abusive work environment” harassment, need not result in concrete psychological harm to the victim, but rather need only be so severe or pervasive that a reasonable person would perceive, and the victim does perceive, the work environment as hostile or abusive. Any person in a supervisory or command position who uses or condones any form of sexual behavior to control, influence, or affect the career, pay, or job of a military member or civilian employee is engaging in sexual harassment. Similarly, any military member or civilian employee who makes deliberate or repeated unwelcome verbal comments, gestures, or physical contact of a sexual nature in the workplace is also engaging in sexual harassment.
The Manpower Equal Opportunity Branch is responsible for developing and administering equal opportunity policies for the Marine Corps. Local assistance for sexual harassment issues can be obtained by contacting the Installation Equal Opportunity Advisor at 808-257-7720.
For additional local resources, please call:
Sex Abuse Treatment Center
Kapi’olani Medical Center for Women & Children
24 Hour Hotline: 808-254-RAPE (7273)
For additional assistance, please call:
Military One Source
24 Hour Hotline: 800-342-9647
Rape, Abuse, Incest National Network (RAINN)
24 Hour Hotline: 800-656-HOPE
Common sense, situational awareness, and trusting your instincts can reduce your risk of being sexually assaulted. The following tips may be helpful in reducing risk:
- If you consume alcohol, do so in moderation. Studies indicate that about half of all U.S. sexual assaults involve the use of alcohol by the offender, the victim, or both.
- Do not leave your beverage unattended or accept a drink from an open container.
- When you date someone, communicate clearly with that person to ensure he or she knows your limits from the beginning. Both verbal and nonverbal (body language) communication can be used to ensure the message is understood.
- If you go on a date with someone you do not know very well, tell a close friend what your plans are.
You have the right to say “No” even if you:
- Say yes, but change your mind
- Have had sex with this partner before
- Have been kissing or “making out”
- Are wearing “provocative” clothing
- Always have extra money to get home. Have a plan for someone you can call if you need help.
- If you feel uncomfortable, scared, or pressured, act quickly to end the situation. Say, “Stop it” and leave or call for help.
- When you go to a party, go with a group of friends. Arrive together, watch out for each other, and leave together.
- Be aware of your surroundings at all times.
- Do not allow yourself to be isolated with a person you do not know or trust.
- Travel with a friend or in a group.
- Plan your outings and avoid getting into a bad situation.
- Walk only in lighted areas after dark.
- Keep the doors to homes, barracks, and cars locked.
- Keep your cell phone charged and with you at all times.
Becoming an Active Bystander
Bystanders have the power to stop assaults from occurring and to get help for people who have been victimized. As Marines, your core values demand that you act. There are no passive bystanders in the Marine Corps. When you see or sense the risk of sexual assault, it is your duty to intervene and protect your fellow Marines.
What can bystanders do to make a difference?
- Believe someone who discloses a sexual assault or other victimization.
- Be respectful of yourself and others. Take the personal responsibility to ensure that you are seeking consent in your own sexual relationships.
- Watch out for fellow Marines and friends. If you see someone who looks like they are in trouble, ask if they are okay. Provide necessary assistance.
- Be aware of parties and situations when alcohol is being consumed. Watch out for individuals who may be taking advantage of someone who has had too much to drink, or for the individuals who might be vulnerable to a perpetrator.
- Speak up! If someone says or does something offensive, derogatory or abusive, let them know that the behavior is wrong and you don’t want to be around it. Don’t laugh at comments or jokes that are disrespectful or degrading. Challenge your peers to be respectful and to create a climate free from sexual assault.
- Get involved with local sexual assault prevention programs and awareness activities by volunteering or attending events.